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Theme
Exploring the Recent Trends & Advances in the Field of Pharma and Chemistry
- Pharma Chem 2018

About Conference

Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter. In practice separation, identification or quantification may constitute the entire analysis or be combined with another method. Separation isolates analytes. The qualitative analysis identifies analytes, while quantitative analysis determines the numerical amount or concentration.

Analytical chemistry consists of classical, wet chemical methods and modern, instrumental methods. Classical qualitative methods use separations such as precipitation, extraction, and distillation. Identification may be based on differences in color, odor, melting point, boiling point, radioactivity or reactivity. The Classical quantitative analysis uses mass or volume changes to quantify the amount. Instrumental methods may be used to separate samples using chromatography, electrophoresis or field flow fractionation. The qualitative and quantitative analysis can be performed, often with the same instrument and may use light interaction, heat interaction, electric fields or magnetic fields. Often the same instrument can separate, identify and quantify an analyte.

Analytical chemistry is also focused on improvements in experimental design, chemometrics, and the creation of new measurement tools. Analytical chemistry has broad applications to forensics, medicine, science, and engineering

Welcome Message


Allied Academies welcomes all the attendees, speakers, sponsor’s and other research expertise from all over the world to the “International Conference on Pharmaceutical Chemistry & Technology” (Pharma Chem 2018) which is going to be held during June 18-20, 2018 in Dublin, Ireland. We are very much honored to invite you all to exchange and share your views and experience in Pharmaceutical Chemistry: “Exploring the Recent Trends & Advances in the Field of Pharma and Chemistry”.

Allied Academies Organizes Pharma Chem 2018 conference along with 300+ Conferences across USA, Europe & Asia every year with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 400+ Open access journals which contain over 30000 eminent personalities as editorial board members.

We invite you to join us at the Pharma Chem 2018, where you will be sure to have a meaningful experience with scholars from around the world. All members of the Pharma Chem-2018 organizing committee look forward to meeting you in Dublin, Ireland.

Sessions / Tracks



Computational Chemistry and Chemical Biology

Everyday work of the chemists' influences our understanding of the method the world works, helps manufacturers design more productive and efficient processes, characterizes new compounds and materials, and helps other researchers extract useful knowledge from peaks of data. Computational chemistry is also used to study the fundamental properties of atoms, molecules, and chemical reactions, using quantum mechanics andthermodynamics.


Chemical Biology research practices the tools of chemistry and synthesis to understand biology and disease pathways at the molecular level. Advanced biological chemistry interests include various topics such as nucleic acids, DNA repair, bio conjugate chemistry, electron transport, peptides and peptidomimetics, glycoscience, biochemical energy, vitamins, cofactors and coenzymes, bio molecular structure and function, drug activity, imaging, and biological catalysis.


Research Studies in Pharmacology


Pharmacology Study Deals with how substances interact with living organisms to produce a change in function. And it includes research, discovery, and characterization of chemicals which show biologicaleffects and the illumination of cellular and organism function in relation to these chemicals. Components which have medicinal properties, they are considered as pharmaceuticals. The Pharmacology involves mechanisms of drug action, drug composition and properties, interactions, toxicology, therapies, medical applications, and anti pathogenic capabilities.

These are research studies that trial how well new medical approaches work in people. Every study answers scientific questions and tries to find enhanced ways to prevent, screen for, diagnose, or treat a disease.


Pharmaceutical Analysis


Analytical methods needed to be validated to provide reliable data for regulatory submissions. These methods are important for a number of purposes, including testing for QC release, testing of stability samples, testing of reference materials and to provide data to support specifications. The complete information about the product development and validation procedures which will be required in the development of the pharmaceutical products.


Drug Formulation / Pharmaceutical formulation

 There are numerous anatomical routes which are thought them as medical drugs that can be administered directly into the human body. The selection process of the route depends upon three factors which are: the effect desired type of disease & finally the type of product. The oral route is the oldest route which has been used for conventional & the novel drug delivery administration. Trans dermal route is the medical treatment that will apply to surfaces of the body such as skin/mucous membrane. Inhalation route is the kind of medical treatment where the medical treatment will directly reach the lungs, through this way this route is considered as the route of choice to avoid systemic effect and increase the
bio availability of the drug in the system.


Advanced Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry

 The vital chemistry reaction sorts square measure addition reactions, elimination reactions, substitution reactions, pericyclic reactions, arranging reactions, chemistry reactions, and reaction reactions. In organic synthesis, the organic reactions square measure employed in the development of recent organic molecules. The assembly of the many synthetic chemicals like medicine, plastics, food additives, and materials depend upon organic reactions. There is no limit to the quantity of doable organic reactions and mechanisms. However, sure general patterns square measure determined that may be accustomed describe several common or helpful reactions. Every reaction features a stepwise reaction mechanism that explains however it happens, though this elaborate description of steps isn't invariably clear from a listing of reactants alone. Synthetic organic reactions will be organized into many basic sorts. Some reactions match into over one class. For instance, some substitution reactions follow an addition-elimination pathway.


Protein and Cellular Engineering and Statistical Mechanics

Their work consist of monitoring vital biologicalprocesses via enzymes altered to affix affinity labels and proximity tags, or via recombinant antibodies that selectively bind other proteins, disclosing their locations, co-factors, and activities. Such engineering could eventually lead to the molecular-level diagnosis of disease, as well as more precise treatment targeting and rapid analysis of therapeutic efficacy. The Major Protein Engineering Approaches are,


Rational design: Accurately modifying protein structures to alter their functions as both enzymes and substrates.

Phage display: Using bacteriophages to generate billions of antibodies with different combinations of amino acids at antigen contact points, then testing for those that selectively bind a target protein


DE novo design: Using computational algorithms to select amino acid sequences that will fold into protein structures to achieve specific chemicals and biological properties such as catalysis, binding, and Tran’s membrane transport.


 Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Tissue Engineering

 Most importantly, there has been a renaissance with regard to the increase in the number of new drugs approved and under development for the two segments of the business. Many of these innovations are determined by new research methods and the growth of new therapeutic options, such as immune-related oncologydrugs, personalized medicine, stem cells, and biologic's. We are also witnessing the development of a greater number of drugs that cure diseases rather than just extend life.


Natural Products Chemistry

The natural products which will be produced by the major pathways of primary and secondary metabolism. Some natural products act as medicinal products which will be used for the treatment of the diseases. These are chemical substances produced by the living organism. Natural products play the vital role in the field of organic chemistry. These products extended for the purpose of the commercial refer to cosmetics and dietary supplements and foods produced from the natural resources without adding artificial ingredients.


Drug Designing Methodologies

The fundamental problem in computational drug design is accurately estimating ligand-receptor binding affinity. Historically, this shortcoming combined with the complexity, resources, and time requirements has hampered the utility of structure-based drug design.

However, Moore’s Law coupled with recent developments in GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) driven computing has made it possible to achieve accurate results in reasonable time frames.

These calculations are performed alchemically using molecular dynamics to adequately sample a suitable thermodynamic path and intermediate states. The measured energies during alchemical transformation are then used to computationally estimate ligand-receptor binding affinity by a number of published techniques - including Thermodynamic integration.


Drug Discovery and Development

 Researchers discover novel drugs through innovative insights into a disease process that allow researchers to design a product to stop or reverse the effects of the disease. Several tests of molecular compounds to find possible beneficial effects against any of a large number of diseases. Existing treatments that have unanticipated effects.

 Various modern Technologies available for the medical products to find specific target sites within the body to manipulate the genetic material. At this stage in the drug discovery process, thousands of compounds may be R & D potential candidates for development as a medical treatment. After completion of these initial testing very small numbers of compounds look for the further study of drug discovery and development. Once R&D scientist identifies a promising compound for development, they conduct experiments to collect information on:

How it is absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and excreted

Its potential benefits and mechanisms of action

The best dosage

 The administration of the drug will takes by mouth or injection.


Side effects (often referred to as toxicity)

How it affects different groups of people (such as by gender, race, or ethnicity) differently and, How it interacts with other drugs and treatments and its effectiveness as compared with similar drugs.


Green Chemistry in Pharmaceutical Industry

Preventing environment pollution is an essential issue in the current world than cleaning up the atmosphere. By tradition, chemists have designed product that is effective and economical. They need to think about the waste generated throughout the process of the new chemicals and product and its toxicity. Inventing any novel product that is of concern to North American country or ecosystems ultimately goes into the environment at the top of the lifetime of these substances, resulting in accumulation, degradation, and toxicity. Hence, it's invariably higher to settle on the process protocols that generate minimum Industrial waste and finished product with few chemicals usage and synthesis steps. Our science builds on nice achievements by chemicals and chemists. It’s been quite a hundred and fifty years that we've not been finding the way to create new molecules.
Heterocyclic Chemistry

The classification of the Hetero cyclic
 compounds mainly based on the electronic structure. Compounds which are saturated heterocyles act like the acyclic derivatives such as piperidine and tetrahydrofuran, conventional amines and ethers. Study of the Hetero cyclic chemistry focused mainly on the unsaturated derivatives. Large numbers of hetero cycles are focused on the benzene rings. They are mainly pyridine, thiophene, pyrrole, furan and quinolone, benzothiaphene, in dole, benzofuran. The fusion of two benzene rings gives a third large family of Heterocyclic compounds. Like acridine and dibenzothiophene, carbazole, benzofuran. The classification of the unsaturated rings based on the participation of the hetero atom present in the pi system.


Biopharmaceutical and Biologics

Biologic s are genetically engineered proteins derived from human genes. They are designed to inhibit particular components of the immune system that play pivotal roles in fuelling inflammation, which is a central feature of rheumatoid arthritis.

The pathophysiologic rationale for, and clinical application of, Biologic agents in the management of autoimmune diseases, cancers, or other pathologies where a molecular target can be identified.


Overview on Pharmaceutical Industry

There are various Pharmaceutical Industries all over the globe who delivers and manufacture the drugs where are advantages beyond a typical CMO (Contract Manufacturing Organization) to the drug product market. Many prominent pharmaceutical developers and manufacturers have a large and different scientific team who brings a broad depth of knowledge and experience. Pharmaceutical Industries are manufacturing significant difference in their products from the development phases to commercialization. A detailed analysis of the industry structure of contract manufacturing, contract research, and contract packaging has been conducted. Revenues are broken down by type of industry. Sales figures are estimated for the five-year period from 2013 through 2018. The United States is currently spending almost $250 billion a year for prescription drugs. If drugs were sold in a competitive market, without government-imposed patent monopolies, this might achieve savings up to $200 billion a year


Pharmaceutical Chemistry Novel Aspects


Pharmaceutical chemistry is a part at the intersection of chemistry, especially synthetic organic chemistry, and pharmacology and several biological specialties, where they are involved with drug design, chemical synthesis and development for a market, or bio-activemolecules (drugs). In particular, Pharmaceutical chemistry in its supreme mutual guide focusing on small organic molecules/entities encompasses synthetic organic chemistry and parts of natural products chemistry and computational chemistry in near combination with chemical biology, enzymology, and structural biology, composed targeting at the drug discovery and development of novel different therapeutic agents. It involves chemical aspects of identification, and later systematic, thorough synthetic alteration of innovative chemical entities to make them appropriate for therapeutic use. It includes synthetic and computational aspects of the study of existing drugs and agents in development in relation to their bio activities (biological activities and properties), i.e., understanding their structure-activity relationships (SAR). Pharmaceutical chemistry is concentrated on quality aspects of medicines and aims to assure fitness for purpose of medicinal products.

 

Market Analysis

Over the last decade, industry’s productivity has been decreasing with rising R&D costs and time is taken to reach a market. Medicinal chemistry is defined as a focused science that is developed to cover a wide-ranging of fields related to identification, synthesis and drug development for therapeutic applications. This science has evolved from medical chemists focusing on drug target or pathway in mind and league of elaborative chemistry-driven processes to a modern generation of high-throughput screening (HTS) libraries that are formed by combinatorial chemistry based on limited structural distinctions across large drug like scaffolds.

This change was desired because of high attrition rate in pre-clinical and incubation drug development studies because of earlier methods. While the prime task of medicinal chemists has not changed significantly over a period of time, the computational tools and chemicals and perspectives at their clearance or removal have advanced extensively.

The several tools of medicinal chemistry are in silico modeling, structure-based drug design (SBDD), comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) or 3D QSAR method. In particular, the fragment-based drug design hopefully stands out because of substantial improvements in research and productivity. One of the main challenges of drug discovery is to design a robust drug that is both safe and effective in a wide range of the population. The several drug designing types are structure-based drug design, natural products-based drug design, fragment-based drug design, diversity concerned with synthesis and chemogenomics

Due to modern technology an substitute approach to the large combichem libraries (10,000 plus molecules) is available, these are minor focused arrays known as chemogenetic arrays that assist for confining of the particular pharmacophore model for the specific family to target but considering ADME and drug-like properties. The compound arrays must be synthetically feasible and to minimize the attrition rate in preclinical testing, must also consist of definite properties regarding adsorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, and toxicity (ADMET).

During this process, the ADMET constraints traditional from information mining, in vitro and in vivo studies are often compiled into computational packages to enable chemists to predict the drug-likeliness of a compound.

The current market trends observed with medicinal chemistry operations are outsourced by most of the pharmaceutical companies because this helps the companies to pace up the research process making it time and cost efficient. The outsourcing trend supposed from the North American and European pharmaceutical companies to the companies of developing companies like India, China, and Others from the Asian continent.


Pharmaceuticals represented a US$300 bn-a-year market globally as of 2015, the World Health Organization states. The global pharmaceutical market is estimated to surpass US$400 bn by 2018, with the ten major pharmaceutical companies collectively commanding about a third of the market. Companies in the pharmaceutical industry are considered by their sizeable expenditure on R&D and marketing initiatives in a bid to rake in more revenue. The development of biopharmaceuticals represents a milestone for the industry and personalized therapies carry enormous promise in the near future.

Although mature markets continue to account for over half of all global revenue of the pharmaceutical industry, both large and niche pharmaceutical companies are now rousing up to the lucrative potential that lies in growth markets. Costs associated with bringing innovative molecules to the commercial space are progressively rising. To add to this, new medicines launches have continued to chart a flat graph. This could, however, also be an enormous opportunity for pharmaceutical companies in both matured and growth markets.

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